The controversial WWII bombing of Dresden.
                                                                                      Works Cited  

Primary Sources

Crawley, 19 Squadron. "RAF Bombing in Dresden." Interview by Crawley, 19 Squadron. BBC, WWII

people's war. BBC, 9 Mar. 2005. Web. 30 Nov. 2010. <

stories/31/a3765431.shtml>. This "interview" provided a first had account of the


Harris, Arthur. "Extract from the official account of Bomber Command by Arthur Harris, 1945." The

national archives. the governemnt, n.d. Web. 17 Nov. 2010.

<>. This

site's primary source provided an opinion on the morality of the bombing.

(#11)   Hoffmann, Peter. "Flucht aus dem brennenden Dresden 1945 ." Kollektives Gedächtnis . N.p., n.d. Web.

      9 Dec. 2010. <>. This

      site, being a German site, opens up a whole new area to research the topic.  

      (ie. other than American websites)

(#10)    Metzger, Lothar. "The Fire-bombing of Dresden An eye-witness account."

      N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Nov. 2010. <>. This site

      provided a firsthand account of the bombing.

(#8)     WWII Germany. Map. [Germany]: n.p., 1945. Print. showed Dresden in relation to rest of Germany.

      Shows Dresdens rail system.

Secondary Sources

BBC. "Up to 25,000 died in Dresden's WWII Bombing - report." BBC News. BBC, 18 Mar. 2010. Web. 29

Nov. 2010. <>. This site provided a modern view on

what the actual death tolls of the bombing may have been.

"Bombing of Dresden." Spartucus.schoolnet. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Nov. 2010.

<>. This web page contained several

primary sources. basically it is a page with several sources in it.

(#2)   "Charles Portal." Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational , n.d. Web. 29 Dec. 2010.

      <>. Provided info on one of the people

      who helped to develop area bombing.

"Commanders." RAF Bomber Command. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2010. <

people_commanders.html>. This site provided info about Arthur Harris.

"The destruction of Dresden." N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Dec. 2010. <

02/07/01/c_13.php>. This page provided some confirmation of specific dates and facts about

the bombings

(#7)     "Dresden becomes a major city ." Dresden.De. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2010. <

      en/02/07/01/c_11.php>. This is an official site, and provided some good background

      information on Dresden.

(#3)     Dresden Bombed to Atoms. Web. 4 Jan. 2011. <

      watch?v=SU3wkOGXlcY>. A newsreel describing the bombing. Was not produced by the owner of

      the youtube channel. Found out about newsreel from another source, and found it in an

      embeddable form. 

 (#12)    Gascoigne, Bamber. "History of Warfare - Land." History World. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 

      Apr. 2011. < 

      PlainTextHistories.asp?historyid=aa29>. This site provided some examples 

      of ancient warfare.

(#4)     Hickman, Kennedy. "World War II: Marshal Arthur 'Bomber' Harris." New york times, 2010.

      Web. 19 Nov. 2010. <>.

      This page provided details of about the bombing.

(#6)     "International Law on the Bombing of Civilians." Gene Dannen, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2010.

      <>. Note that I am citing a SPECIFIC PAGE on

      the site, NOT THE WHOLE SITE. This PAGE helped give examples of international opinion and law

      concerning civilian bombing. Which was a major aspect of area bombing.

(#1)     Siebert, Detlef. "British Bombing Strategy in World War Two ." BBC . BBC, n.d. Web. 2 Dec. 2010.

     <>. This site provided

     a source for reliable information about RAF area bombing during WWII.

Smoler, Fredric. "Was the American Bombing Campaign in World War II a War Crime?" . American Heritage Publishing. , n.d. Web. 30 Nov. 2010.



force-atomic-bomb-richard-pape-terrorism-russia-axis.shtml>. This provided an argument about

the tactic of city bombing in general

(#5)     "Total War." The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military., n.d. Web. 31

      Dec. 2010. <>. Provided an official

      definition of "total war"


      Air Force History . N.p., n.d. Web. 23 Nov. 2010. <

      PopTopics/dresden.htm>. This site provided a perspective on the morality of the bombing

"The WWII Dresden Holocaust - 'A Single Column Of Flame.'" Jeff Rense, n.d. Web. 18 Nov.

2010. <>. This site provided interesting opinions

on the morality of the bombing.

"Yalta Conference." Spartacus.schoolnet. Spartucus.schoolnet, n.d. Web. 29 Dec. 2010.

<>. Provided much needed information on

the yalta conference.

Disclaimer and media citations.

The following applies to any pictures or videos used in this site, and are reffered to as "media"
I claim no right to the media. The media is used solely for educational purposes, and is the property of its respective owners.
I will do my best to list the sources of said media.
Below are the links and any relevant information concerning any media used in this site.

Image used on top of home page:

Picture of Arthur Harris.

Image used on top of Introduction page:

Image used on top of Debate page:

"Bodies waiting to be disposed":

Image used on top of "destruction of historic city":

picture of the frauenkirche.

Picture of a zeiss Ikon camera

Picture of the Zwinger

Research Description

The reason I choose this topic is that it was suggested by a teacher after my original topic was found to be inadequate, as well as the fact that I found the topic interesting.

 In terms of the research itself, the majority of the sources I found were online. They were located through numerous searches with Google, Google scholar, and other online search engines. The most useful sources that I found were the various websites published by the BBC, and “Spartacus.schoolnet”. These two sources provided the most volume of useful note cards, and seemed to be very reliable. Non-internet research was conducted at the MPLS Central library, this yielded several useful sources.

I decided to make a website as my project for several reasons: I like computers, I have always wanted to make a web site, and I have some prior experience dealing with HTML and other programming languages involved in making a website. I created my project using Weebly, as is required. I decided to structure the body text of the site around quotes, which are presented in large blue text. The debate is set up with an introduction, and three main points of the debate that are presented as separate pages. Consequences are also presented as a separate page. My topic relates to this year’s history day theme in that it involves a large historical debate which contained examples of diplomacy, consequences and failure.

Home    Introduction      Debate                                           Consequences     Citations
                                                   - The bombing of civilians
                                                   - The destruction of a historic city
                                                   - Military significance of Dresden